In the 21st century, our infatuation with technology has become nearly a national obsession. In 2008, the delirium continues in the gaming industry.
Slot makers have given us glimpses of what’s coming with a few communal games and high-tech systems.
But coming next year is a new class of machine aimed at attracting younger players who grew up with video games and demand something more than just luck from a slot machine — skill.
Adding an element of hand-eye coordination is just one way slot makers are laboring to broaden the appeal of the electronic games that have proved so popular among older players.
Besides new devices that provide an extra payoff for game-playing dexterity, manufacturers have developed more communal games that link clusters of machines — which are proving popular with people under 40.
Coming soon are slot machines with joysticks, which the industry expects to be particularly popular, and others that will allow users to play in tandem or against one another, much as they do in many Internet games.
Industry surveys show that Generation X-ers have fewer moral qualms about gambling than baby boomers and their parents. And these younger people are heading to Las Vegas and other gambling hot spots in large numbers.
The problem for the industry is that they spend much less time in the casinos than the older players.
"Younger players come to town to party," said George Maloof Jr., president of the Palms, a popular Las Vegas hangout for people under 40. "They drink, they go to nightclubs, they go to the after-hours clubs, they check out the pool for the scene there. Gambling in general is not high on their agenda."
But gambling, particularly playing the slots, still pays the bills. So manufacturers are aiming to provide casino operators with the machines they need to justify the many billions of dollars they have spent, and continue to spend, expanding existing properties and opening facilities in new markets.
"The slot makers need to figure out how to develop these younger players," Maloof said. "We need it for the bottom line."
Slot makers acknowledge that they are in the early phase of their efforts to draw in younger players. Moreover, they do not want to discourage their prime audience; they continue to create games aimed at reaching those they identify as the industry’s most coveted users: women 55 to 65 with time on their hands and money to spend.
Still, a new generation of machines is starting to crowd out the boxy, chrome devices that for decades have dominated the slot floor.
These machines include features like surround sound, flat-panel display screens and images as vivid as those seen on today’s video games. One of the more popular is a slot machine based on the movie Top Gun, created by WMS Gaming.
Joysticks are just around the corner, slot makers say, and over the next several years, industry specialists expect casinos to start investing in network systems that allow for games that mix gambling with the head-to-head competition popular in online computer games like World of Warcraft and Halo.
"We can’t just make a slot thinking about the 55-year-old lady who comes to the casino a few times a month," said Rob Bone, marketing director for WMS Gaming. "We need to appeal to new buckets of players, or we’ll die."
At the Showboat casino in Atlantic City, a younger generation is particularly drawn to communal play machines, Jay Snowden, 31, the general manager, said, because friends "clap and cheer and high-five together when they hit a bonus."
Slot manufacturers face conflicting demands in seeking to appeal to the widest possible group. They make games that have long appealed to those wanting to zone out in front of a machine that is neither physically nor mentally taxing. But younger players are yearning for more challenging games.
In one effort to appeal to a younger generation of gamblers, Bally Technologies, of Las Vegas, signed a deal with Atari, the video game pioneer, to develop a series of skill-based slot machines, starting with a Pong-style machine. That game, released in August, includes a paddle control knob that players use when reaching a bonus round; the more dexterous the player, the larger the bonus.
It will be interesting to see whether younger players have the inclination, as well as disposable income, to invest in these new games.